From 13 April 2023, the Start-up Visa route will only be open to those who hold a valid Start-up endorsement issued before 13 April 2023. From 13 July 2023, the Start-up Visa route will be closed to new applications. Start-up entrepreneurs who are looking to establish a business in the UK and who have not yet been endorsed should therefore apply for an Innovator Founder Visa instead.
The UK Start-Up Visa opened to new applications on 29th March 2019. The idea behind the new visa seems to be to encourage more foreign entrepreneurs to come to the UK and contribute to the British economy, with particular ambitions to accelerate growth in sectors such as tech. It is aimed at Non-EEA national entrepreneurs seeking to establish a business in the UK for the first time. Unlike similar visa schemes which have existed previously, such as the Tier 1 (Graduate Entrepreneur) visa, it is open to non-graduates and there is no minimum capital requirement. However, applicants must have a business idea that has been assessed by a Home Office approved Start-Up Visa endorsing body as being innovative, viable and scalable. More details on these criteria are provided in Part W5.2 of the Immigration Rules:
Endorsing Bodies is an umbrella term for organisations and higher-education institutions which have expertise in identifying, investing and developing businesses in their respective sectors. They include incubators, accelerators, business development organisations, universities and government agencies. The list of endorsing bodies is expected to evolve as this visa route matures, with bodies withdrawing and new bodies becoming authorised. An up to date list can be found here, along with more details about each endorsing body.
In theory, it is good news that business ideas are now being evaluated and assessed by parties with entrepreneurial experience, commercial insight, and technical knowledge rather than an Entry Clearance Officer who is ill-prepared to make a sound judgment about the viability or otherwise of a particular enterprise. However, the changes throw up a series of challenges for entrepreneurs looking to make the move into the UK market. This visa route is more competitive than previous schemes as an applicant hoping to receive an endorsement as a first step to obtaining a visa will have to compete not only with other non-EEA nationals but with UK and EEA applicants too. This competition is exacerbated by the fact that each endorsing body is limited in terms of the number of endorsements they can offer. Endorsing bodies currently require specific Home Office approval if they want to endorse more than 25 business ideas per year so capacity is substantially lower than with previous schemes which operated without any effective constraints in terms of the number of applicants.
Given the competitive nature of the UK Start-Up Visa route and the uncertainty inherent in the process as the new rules and guidelines are put into practice and tested, you may need to lean on our expertise in order to maximise the chances that your attempts to secure an endorsement are successful. We can help prospective Start-Up Visa applicants in the following ways:
Unlike the previous UK business visa schemes such as Tier 1 (Entrepreneur) and Tier 1 (Graduate Entrepreneur), a strong business plan which is viable and able to expand within the UK market may not satisfy the conditions of the new Start-Up Visa route. In order to secure a start-up visa endorsement, your business idea will need to be deemed innovative, viable and scalable by the endorsing body.
Innovative - Prospective applicants need to develop a business plan that brings something new to the UK market rather than a "me-too" business which merely competes with other similar businesses. Depending on the endorsing body you are targetting, it is possible that a more cost-efficient model or one with a superior but similar product or enhanced customer service may not be deemed sufficiently innovative. We will help you to take your idea and co-create with you points of differentiation and competitive advantage that will make your business truly unique. We will also help you find the necessary clarity to accelerate execution.
Viable - The endorsing body will be looking to support business plans that the entrepreneur and their team can actually deliver and that have a clear and credible pathway to profitability. We will also demonstrate that you and your team have the skills, knowledge, experience and market awareness to deliver on your business plan or develop a clear plan whereby they can be developed. We can help you to establish your funding requirements for the two year period of the start-up visa, identify the most suitable source of start-up funding and map out what needs to be done in order to firmly establish your business as a viable venture.
Scalable - Scaling a business is an often misunderstood concept. It does not simply mean that the business is capable of getting bigger. That would be true of almost every business. A business can only truly be said to be scalable if it has operating leverage. If additional revenue requires relatively smaller and smaller additions to operating costs, you have operational leverage and your business can accurately be said to scale. However, a business that adds revenue and operating costs at an equal rate or even adds costs at a greater rate than it can add revenue cannot be properly said to scale, even if the business could get a lot larger in terms of both their revenues and gross profitability. We can help you verify that your business idea is truly scalable by carrying out detailed the financial modelling necessary to map out the relationship between revenue and operating costs in your business.
Once you have a fully formed business idea that meets the start-up visa criteria, your next consideration for prospective applicants is to select the most appropriate endorsing body for their business idea. There are several factors that must be weighed up when making a decision.
As mentioned in the Home Office Guidance, there is no requirement that Endorsing Bodies have to operate an ‘open system’. In other words, these endorsing bodies can insist that a pre-existing working relationship or activity with the body, such as received investment from them or participated in their accelerator programme, is a prerequisite to endorsement. Many of the endorsing bodies have, at least initially, adopted this approach and are not accepting ‘open’ or ‘independent’ endorsement applications. Royal Society Edinburgh, Ignite and Bethnal Green Ventures, are just some of the Endorsing Bodies requiring acceptance on to a programme before even considering endorsing visa applicants.
Many endorsing bodies only recruit once or twice a year for entry to these programmes. For example, Tech X offer places to one "cohort" of applicants each year in May whilst Zinc is currently open for "Mission 3" which will start at the end of September. There is a chance that your preferred endorsing body will not be accepting applications at the time that you want to move forward with your start-up visa application. You can check our up to date information on each endorsing body for more details on the application windows for each endorsing body.
Some Endorsing Bodies consider themselves ‘sector agnostic’ and open to a diverse range of business ideas (e.g. SeedCamp, RBS and Natwest) while others are much more specialised and sector-focussed. For example, CyLon focus on cyber-security only, TechX focus exclusively on the oil and gas industry and Deep Science Venture focus on pharma, energy, food and agriculture start-ups. Other Endorsing Bodies have a regional focus and require investment and/or relocation to a specific area, for example Ignite (focus on North-East) and Med City (London and the South-East).
Many Endorsing Bodies state that in return for acceptance into a programme, the investment of funds into your business and the expertise and support offered, they will require an equity stake in the proposed business. While this might seem a fair trade for some start-up ventures, it will be a cause of concern for those considering the Innovator route who may not require additional investment funds and who have the professional skills and experience to steer their businesses to succeed in the UK market.
We will help you to identify which, if any, of the endorsing bodies would be most suitable for your business idea and will make the necessary introductions so that you can get started with them on qualifying for a start-up visa endorsement.
There are two services we provide that may be of interest to potential start-up visa applicants.
For those people that have already written their own business plan but need advice as to whether this is an innovative, viable and scalable business idea that meets the start-up visa criteria and want a recommendation as to which Endorsing Body they should approach, we offer our comprehensive visa business plan review service. The result is an actionable report with recommendations for improvement of the business model in terms of the degree to which it satisfies the visa criteria and also improvements in the content of the plan itself.
If you would prefer to outsource the writing of the business plan to our team, we will ask detailed questions about your business idea and vision during an initial consultation and would then transform it into a visa-compliant business plan in a way that is easy and stress-free for you. We will then review the full draft together and make sure you know your business plan thoroughly so you can pitch this idea to the endorsing body with confidence and expertise. Finally, unlike many business plan writers, we will not abandon you during the endorsement process. The endorsing body may ask questions that you won’t feel fully comfortable answering, at which point you can simply reach back out to us, even if it is months after we finished the business plan and we’ll help clarify anything that comes up.
If you are considering starting a business in the UK and are interested in the Start-Up Visa, please reach out today for a free, no-obligation initial consultation.